What is CPR?
What is CPR?

CPR is a set of procedures used to help people who are experiencing cardiac emergencies. CPR has a long history that stretches back to the 18th century, and it is still a crucial component of providing life-saving aid in cardiac situations today. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR, was developed by resuscitation experts Drs. Kouwenhoven, Safar, and Jude by mixing mouth-to-mouth breathing with chest compressions. 

The American Heart Association begins a program to educate physicians to closed-chest cardiac resuscitation, which later evolves into CPR instruction for the general public.


What does CPR stand for? 

CPR stands for Cardiopulmonary resuscitation. 


When was CPR invented? 

The American Heart Association (AHA) introduced a program to educate doctors on closed-chest cardiac resuscitation in 1960, which later evolved into CPR instructions for the general public. Cardiologist Leonard Scherlis established the AHA's CPR Committee the same year the AHA adopted CPR. A special meeting on CPR was held three years later by the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences. The conference, which was organized in response to several requests from the American National Red Cross and other organizations, resulted in the development of standards for CPR instruction and performance.
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